A construction of conservation laws for -models in two dimensions is generalized in the framework of noncommutative geometry of commutative algebras. This is done by replacing theordinary calculus of differential forms with other differentialcalculi and introducing an analogue of the Hodge operator on thelatter. The general method is illustrated with several examples.
We consider an open quantum dot modeled by a straight hard-wall channel with a potential well. If this potential depends on the longitudinal variable only, the system exhibits embedded eigenvalues. They turn into resonances if the symmetry is violated, either by a magnetic field or by deformation of the well. We construct a perturbation theory of these resonances in the case of a weak perturbation and discuss other properties of the model.
In this paper, we illustrate a new concept regarding unitary elements defined on Lorentz cone, and establish some basic properties under the so-called unitary transformation associated with Lorentz cone. As an application of unitary transformation, we achieve a weaker version of the triangle inequality and several (weak) majorizations defined on Lorentz cone.
We will show that for any noncompact arithmetic hyperbolic m-manifold with m>3, and any compact arithmetic hyperbolic m-manifold with m > 4 that is not a 7-dimensional one defined by octonions, its fundamental group is not locally extended residually finite (LERF). The main ingredient in the proof is a study on abelian amalgamations of hyperbolic 3-manifold groups. We will also show that a compact orientable irreducible 3-manifold with empty or tori boundary supports a geometric structure if and only if its fundamental group is LERF.
Using the complex coloring method, we present the graphs of the quantum dilogarithm function Gb(z) and visualize its analytic and asymptotic behaviours. In particular we demonstrate the limiting process when the modified Gb(z)→Γ(z) as b→0. We also survey the relations of Gb(z) with different variants of the quantum dilogarithm function.