Yang ChenMathematics Postdoctoral Research Center, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Heibei, ChinaKaiming ZhaoDepartment of Mathematics, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada; and School of Mathematical Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, ChinaYueqiang ZhaoSchool of Mathematics and Statistics, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, Henan, China
In this paper, we prove that every invertible 2-local or local automorphism of a simple generalized Witt algebra over any field of characteristic 0 is an automorphism. Furthermore, every 2-local or local automorphism of Witt algebras W_n is an automorphism for all n∈N. But some simple generalized Witt algebras indeed have 2-local (and local) automorphisms that are not automorphisms.
Pedro FreitasDepartamento de Matemática, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal; and Grupo de Física Matemática, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, PortugalJean LagacéDepartment of Mathematics, University College London, United KingdomJordan PayetteDépartement de mathématiques et de statistique, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada
Given a bounded Euclidean domain Ω, we consider the sequence of optimisers of the k-th Laplacian eigenvalue within the family consisting of all possible disjoint unions of scaled copies of Ω with fixed total volume. We show that this sequence encodes information yielding conditions for Ω to satisfy Pólya’s conjecture with either Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions. This is an extension of a result by Colbois and El Soufi which applies only to the case where the family of domains consists of all bounded domains. Furthermore, we fully classify the different possible behaviours for such sequences, depending on whether Pólya’s conjecture holds for a given specific domain or not. This approach allows us to recover a stronger version of Pólya’s original results for tiling domains satisfying some dynamical billiard conditions, and a strenghtening of Urakawa’s bound in terms of packing density.
We establish a magnetic Agmon estimate in the case of a purely magnetic single non-degenerate well, by means of the Fourier–Bros–Iagolnitzer transform and microlocal exponential estimates à la Martinez–Sjöstrand.
We consider Pólya urns with infinitely many colours that are of a random walk type, in two related versions. We show that the colour distribution a.s., after rescaling, converges to a normal distribution, assuming only second moments on the offset distribution. This improves results by Bandyopadhyay and Thacker (2014–2017; convergence in probability), and Mailler and Marckert (2017; a.s. convergence assuming exponential moment).
Enrico Le DonneDepartment of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Jyväskylä, Finland; and Dipartimento di Matematica, Università di Pisa, ItalySebastiano Nicolussi GoloDipartimento di Matematica, Università di Padova, Italy
Differential GeometryAlgebraic Topology and General Topologymathscidoc:2203.10001
We consider left-invariant distances d on a Lie group G with the property that there exists a multiplicative one-parameter group of Lie automorphisms (0,∞)→Aut(G), λ↦δλ, so that d(δ_λx,δ_λy)=λd(x,y), for all x,y∈G and all λ>0.
First, we show that all such distances are admissible, that is, they induce the manifold topology. Second, we characterize multiplicative one-parameter groups of Lie automorphisms that are dilations for some left-invariant distance in terms of algebraic properties of their infinitesimal generator.
Third, we show that an admissible left-invariant distance on a Lie group with at least one nontrivial dilating automorphism is bi-Lipschitz equivalent to one that admits a one-parameter group of dilating automorphisms. Moreover, the infinitesimal generator can be chosen to have spectrum in [1,∞). Fourth, we characterize the automorphisms of a Lie group that are a dilating automorphisms for some admissible distance.
Finally, we characterize metric Lie groups admitting a one-parameter group of dilating automorphisms as the only locally compact, isometrically homogeneous metric spaces with metric dilations of all factors. Such metric spaces appear as tangents of doubling metric spaces with unique tangents.
Let R be a not necessarily commutative ring with 1. In the present paper we first introduce a notion of quasi-orderings, which axiomatically subsumes all the orderings and valuations on R. We proceed by uniformly defining a coarsening relation ≤ on the set Q(R) of all quasi-orderings on R. One of our main results states that (Q(R),≤′) is a rooted tree for some slight modification ≤′ of ≤, i.e. a partially ordered set admitting a maximum such that for any element there is a unique chain to that maximum. As an application of this theorem we obtain that (Q(R),≤′) is a spectral set, i.e. order-isomorphic to the spectrum of some commutative ring with 1. We conclude this paper by studying Q(R) as a topological space.
Let X be a smooth complex projective variety. Using a construction devised by Gathmann, we present a recursive formula for some of the Gromov–Witten invariants of X. We prove that, when X is homogeneous, this formula gives the number of osculating rational curves at a general point of a general hypersurface of X. This generalizes the classical well known pairs of inflection (asymptotic) lines for surfaces in P^3 of Salmon, as well as Darboux’s 27 osculating conics.
We study the existence of Artin–Schreier curves with large a‑number. We show that Artin–Schreier curves with large a‑number can be written in certain forms and discuss their supersingularity. We also give a basis of the de Rham cohomology of Artin–Schreier curves. By computing the rank of the Hasse–Witt matrix of the curve, we also give bounds on the a‑number of trigonal curves of genus 5 in small characteristic.
Per AlexanderssonDepartment of Mathematics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, SwedenEzgi Kantarci OğuzDepartment of Mathematics, KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, SwedenSvante LinussonDepartment of Mathematics, KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
We examine a few families of semistandard Young tableaux, for which we observe the cyclic sieving phenomenon under promotion.
The first family we consider consists of stretched hook shapes, where we use the cocharge generating polynomial as CSP-polynomial.
The second family contains skew shapes, consisting of disjoint rectangles. Again, the charge generating polynomial together with promotion exhibits the cyclic sieving phenomenon. This generalizes earlier results by B. Rhoades and later B. Fontaine and J. Kamnitzer.
Finally, we consider certain skew ribbons, where promotion behaves in a predictable manner. This result is stated in the form of a bicyclic sieving phenomenon.
One of the tools we use is a novel method for computing charge of skew semistandard tableaux, in the case when every number in the tableau occurs with the same frequency.
A. BehzadanDepartment of Mathematics and Statistics. California State University, Sacramento, Calif., U.S.A.M. HolstDepartment of Mathematics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, Calif., U.S.A.
In this article, we re-examine some of the classical pointwise multiplication theorems in Sobolev–Slobodeckij spaces, in part motivated by a simple counter-example that illustrates how certain multiplication theorems fail in Sobolev–Slobodeckij spaces when a bounded domain is replaced by R^n. We identify the source of the failure, and examine why the same failure is not encountered in Bessel potential spaces. To analyze the situation, we begin with a survey of the classical multiplication results stated and proved in the 1977 article of Zolesio, and carefully distinguish between the case of spaces defined on the all of R^n and spaces defined on a bounded domain (with e.g. a Lipschitz boundary). However, the survey we give has a few new wrinkles; the proofs we include are based almost exclusively on interpolation theory rather than Littlewood–Paley theory and Besov spaces, and some of the results we give and their proofs, including the results for negative exponents, do not appear in the literature in this form. We also include a particularly important variation of one of the multiplication theorems that is relevant to the study of nonlinear PDE systems arising in general relativity and other areas. The conditions for multiplication to be continuous in the case of Sobolev–Slobodeckij spaces are somewhat subtle and intertwined, and as a result, the multiplication theorems of Zolesio in 1977 have been cited (more than once) in the standard literature in slightly more generality than what is actually proved by Zolesio, and in cases that allow for construction of counter-examples such as the one included here.
Andrés BeltránDpto. Ciencias, Sección Matemáticas, Pontifícia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima, PeruArturo Fernández-PérezDepartamento de Matemática, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, BrasilHernán NeciosupDpto. Ciencias, Sección Matemáticas, Pontifícia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima, Peru
Complex Variables and Complex Analysismathscidoc:2203.08006
We study singular real analytic Levi-flat subsets invariant by singular holomorphic foliations in complex projective spaces. We give sufficient conditions for a real analytic Levi-flat subset to be the pull-back of a semianalytic Levi-flat hypersurface in a complex projective surface under a rational map or to be the pull-back of a real algebraic curve under a meromorphic function. In particular, we give an application to the case of a singular real analytic Levi-flat hypersurface. Our results improve previous ones due to Lebl and Bretas–Fernández-Pérez–Mol.
We study a family of maximal operators that provides a continuous link connecting the Hardy–Littlewood maximal function to the spherical maximal function. Our theorems are proved in the multilinear setting but may contain new results even in the linear case. For this family of operators we obtain bounds between Lebesgue spaces in the optimal range of exponents.
We address the question “when the local image of a map is well defined” and answer it in case of holomorphic map germs with target (C^2,0). We prove a criterion for holomorphic map germs (X,x)→(Y,y) to be locally open, solving a conjecture by Huckleberry in all dimensions.
In the present paper we extend the Riemann–Roch formalism to structure algebras of moment graphs. We introduce and study the Chern character and push-forwards for twisted fibrations of moment graphs. We prove an analogue of the Riemann–Roch theorem for moment graphs. As an application, we obtain the Riemann–Roch type theorem for the equivariant K‑theory of some Kac–Moody flag varieties.
Johannes SjöstrandInstitut de Mathématiques de Bourgogne, Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Dijon, FranceMaher ZerzeriLaboratoire Analyse, Géométrie et Applications, Université Sorbonne Paris-Nord, Villetaneuse, France
Analysis of PDEsFunctional Analysismathscidoc:2203.03008
In this paper we study the distribution of scattering resonances for a multi-dimensional semi-classical Schrödinger operator, associated to a potential well in an island at energies close to the maximal one that limits the separation of the well and the surrounding sea.