In this paper, we consider the cutoff Boltzmann equation near Maxwellian, we proved the global existence and uniqueness for the cutoff Boltzmann equation in polynomial weighted space for all $\gamma \in (-3, 1]$. We also proved initially polynomial decay for the large velocity in $L^2$ space will induce polynomial decay rate, while initially exponential decay will induce exponential rate for the convergence. Our proof is based on newly established inequalities for the cutoff Boltzmann equation and semigroup techniques. Moreover, by generalizing the $L_x^\infty L^1_v \cap L^\infty_{x, v}$ approach, we prove the global existence and uniqueness of a mild solution to the Boltzmann equation with bounded polynomial weighted $L^\infty_{x, v}$ norm under some small condition on the initial $L^1_x L^\infty_v$ norm and entropy so that this initial data allows large amplitude oscillations.