We prove that if f is a distribution on RN with N>1 and if ∂jf∈Lpj,σj∩LN,1uloc with 1≤pj≤N and σj=1 when pj=1 or N, then f is bounded, continuous and has a finite constant radial limit at infinity. Here, Lp,σ is the classical Lorentz space and Lp,σuloc is a “uniformly local” subspace of Lp,σloc larger than Lp,σ when p<∞.
We also show that f∈BUC if, in addition, ∂jf∈Lpj,σj∩Lquloc with q>N whenever pj<N and that, if so, the limit of f at infinity is uniform if the pj are suitably distributed. Only a few special cases have been considered in the literature, under much more restrictive assumptions that do not involve uniformly local spaces (pj=N and f vanishing at infinity, or ∂jf∈Lp∩Lq with p<N<q).
Various similar results hold under integrability conditions on the higher order derivatives of f. All of them are applicable to g∗f with g∈L1 and f as above, or under weaker assumptions on f and stronger ones on g. When g is a Bessel kernel, the results are provably optimal in some cases.