We prove that every lattice in a product of higher-rank simple Lie groups or higher-rank simple algebraic groups over local fields has Vincent Lafforgue’s strong property (T). Over non-Archimedean local fields, we also prove that they have strong Banach property (T) with respect to all Banach spaces with non-trivial type, whereas in general we obtain such a result with additional hypotheses on the Banach spaces. The novelty is that we deal with non-co-compact lattices, such as SLn(Z) for n⩾3. To do so, we introduce a stronger form of strong property (T) which allows us to deal with more general objects than group representations on Banach spaces that we call two-step representations, namely families indexed by a group of operators between different Banach spaces that we can compose only once. We prove that higher-rank groups have this property and that this property passes to undistorted lattices.
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Asymptotically sharp Bernstein- and Markov-type inequalities are established for rational functions on C2 smooth Jordan curves and arcs. The results are formulated in terms of the normal derivatives of certain Green’s functions with poles at the poles of the rational functions in question. As a special case (when all the poles are at infinity) the corresponding results for polynomials are recaptured.
In this paper, we give a variational analysis to the planar dual Minkowski problem in the Sobolev space. With the new variational characterization, we can deal with existence results for prescribed not necessarily positive data. Meanwhile, functional inequalities and multiple solutions are also obtained.
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