In this paper, we study contact surgeries along Legendrian links in the standard contact 3-sphere. On one hand, we use algebraic methods to prove the vanishing of the contact Ozsváth–Szabó invariant for contact (+1)-surgery along certain Legendrian two component links. The main tool is a link surgery formula for Heegaard Floer homology developed by Manolescu and Ozsváth.
On the other hand, we use contact-geometric argument to show the overtwistedness of the contact 3-manifolds obtained by contact (+1)-surgeries along Legendrian two-component links whose two components are linked in some special configurations.
We introduce an Alexander polynomial for MOY graphs. For a framed trivalent MOY
graph G, we refine the construction and obtain a framed ambient isotopy invariant
\Delta(G,c)(t). The invariant \Delta(G,c)(t) satisfies a series of relations, which we call MOY type relations, and conversely these relations determine \Delta(G,c)(t). Using them we
provide a graphical definition of the Alexander polynomial of a link. Finally, we
discuss some properties and applications of our invariants.
We study the heat kernel of a regular symmetric Dirichlet form on a metric space with doubling measure, in particular, a connection between the properties of the jump measure and the long time behaviour of the heat kernel. Under appropriate optimal hypotheses, we obtain the Hölder regularity and lower estimates of the heat kernel.
We prove the diagonal upper bound of heat kernels for regular Dirichlet forms on metric measure spaces with volume doubling condition. As hypotheses, we use the Faber-Krahn inequality, the generalized capacity condition and an upper bound for the integrated tail of the jump kernel. The proof goes though a parabolic mean value inequality for subcaloric functions.
Prarit AgarwalQueen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK; Elaitra LtdDongmin GangDepartment of Physics and Astronomy & Center for Theoretical Physics, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Seoul 08826, Korea; Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics (APCTP), Pohang 37673, KoreaSangmin LeeCollege of Liberal Studies, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea; Department of Physics and Astronomy & Center for Theoretical Physics, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Seoul 08826, KoreaMauricio Andrés Romo JorqueraYau Mathematical Sciences Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China
Geometric Analysis and Geometric TopologyarXiv subject: High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th)mathscidoc:2207.15001
We introduce a quantum trace map for an ideally triangulated hyperbolic knot complement S^3∖K. The map assigns a quantum operator to each element of Kauffmann Skein module of the 3-manifold. The quantum operator lives in a module generated by products of quantized edge parameters of the ideal triangulation modulo some equivalence relations determined by gluing equations. Combining the quantum map with a state-integral model of SL(2,C) Chern-Simons theory, one can define perturbative invariants of knot K in the knot complement whose leading part is determined by its complex hyperbolic length. We then conjecture that the perturbative invariants determine an asymptotic expansion of the Jones polynomial for a link composed of K and K. We propose the explicit quantum trace map for figure-eight knot complement and confirm the length conjecture up to the second order in the asymptotic expansion both numerically and analytically.
We undertake a systematic study of the infinitesimal geometry of the Thurston metric, showing that the topology, convex geometry and metric geometry of the tangent and cotangent spheres based at any marked hyperbolic surface representing a point in Teichmüller space can recover the marking and geometry of this marked surface. We then translate the results concerning the infinitesimal structures to global geometric statements for the Thurston metric, most notably deriving rigidity statements for the Thurston metric analogous to the celebrated Royden theorem.
We study Thurston’s Lipschitz and curve metrics, as well as the arc metric on the Teichmüller space of one-hold tori equipped with complete hyperbolic metrics with boundary holonomy of fixed length. We construct natural Lipschitz maps between two surfaces equipped with such hyperbolic metrics that generalize Thurston’s stretch maps and prove the following: (1) On the Teichmüller space of the torus with one boundary component, the Lipschitz and the curve metrics coincide and define a geodesic metric on this space. (2) On the same space, the arc and the curve metrics coincide when the length of the boundary component is ≤4arcsinh(1), but differ when the boundary length is large. We further apply our stretch map generalization to construct novel Thurston geodesics on the Teichmüller spaces of closed hyperbolic surfaces, and use these geodesics to show that the sum-symmetrization of the Thurston metric fails to exhibit Gromov hyperbolicity.
The action of the mapping class group of the thrice-punctured projective plane on its GL(2,C) character variety produces an algorithm for generating the simple length spectra of quasi-Fuchsian thrice-punctured projective planes. We apply this algorithm to quasi-Fuchsian representations of the corresponding fundamental group to prove: a sharp upper-bound for the length its shortest geodesic, a McShane identity and the surprising result of non-polynomial growth for the number of simple closed geodesic lengths.