Heavy Snow will turn to a natural disaster, and will bring big economic losses. The authors hope to establish a mathematic model and a plan to illustrate how to sweep off the snow on main roads in a city so as to ensure the smooth flow of traffic. The research will become a basis on which the government can workout some plans against the snow disasters.
Firstly we made some assumptions, then studied the working process of snow-sweepers and derived a snow sweeping model. Based on this model, the relationship between working speed of snow-sweeper and snow thickness, a working model of snow-sweeper, and minimum sets of snow-sweeper needed were established. A deep-searching model and a model of snow-sweeping tree, and a computer program in PASCAL to determine the minimum number of snow-sweeper and the snow sweeping plans on main roads were obtained.
We tried several solutions to deal with this problem, such as using piecewise curve fitting to transform a formula h~ vc relating to a cubic equation operation to formula vc~ h ,using trial and error method to determine the minimum number of snow sweepers, using deep searching and tree structure in one-stroke processing in a complicated two-way road system, and also a matrix to deal with the deep searching.