In this paper, we present a novel pairwise-force smoothed particle hydrodynamics (PF-SPH) model to allow modeling of
various interactions at interfaces in real time. Realistic capture of interactions at interfaces is a challenging problem for SPH-based simulations, especially for scenarios involving multiple interactions at different interfaces. Our PF-SPH model can readily handle multiple kinds of interactions simultaneously in a single simulation; its basis is to use a larger support radius than that used in standard SPH. We adopt a novel anisotropic filtering term to further improve the performance of interaction forces. The proposed model is stable; furthermore, it avoids the particle clustering problem which commonly occurs at the free surface. We show how our model can be used to capture various interactions. We also consider the close connection between droplets and bubbles, and show how to animate bubbles rising in liquid as well as bubbles in air. Our method is versatile, physically plausible and easy-to-implement. Examples are provided to demonstrate the capabilities and effectiveness of our approach.
Surface flow phenomena, such as rain water flowing down a tree trunk and progressive water front in a shower room, are common in real life. However, compared with the 3D spatial fluid flow, these surface flow problems have been much less studied in the graphics community. To tackle this research gap, we present an efficient, robust and high-fidelity simulation approach based on the shallow-water equations. Specifically, the standard shallow-water flow model is extended to general triangle meshes with a feature-based bottom friction model, and a series of coherent mathematical formulations are derived to represent the full range of physical effects that are important for real-world surface flow phenomena. In addition, by achieving compatibility with existing 3D fluid simulators and by supporting physically realistic interactions with multiple fluids and solid surfaces, the new model is flexible and readily extensible for coupled phenomena. A wide range of simulation examples are presented to demonstrate the performance of the new approach.
We study the higher genus equivariant Gromov-Witten theory of the Hilbert scheme of n points of the plane. Since the equivariant quantum cohomology is semisimple, the higher genus theory is determined by an R-matrix via the Givental-Teleman classification of Cohomological Field Theories (CohFTs). We uniquely specify the required R-matrix by explicit data in degree 0. As a consequence, we lift the basic triangle of equivalences relating the equivariant quantum cohomology of the Hilbert scheme and the Gromov-Witten/Donaldson-Thomas correspondence for 3-fold theories of local curves to a triangle of equivalences in all higher genera. The proof uses the previously determined analytic continuation of the fundamental solution of the QDE of the Hilbert scheme. The GW/DT edge of the triangle in higher genus concerns new CohFTs defined by varying the 3-fold local curve in the moduli space of stable curves.
The equivariant orbifold Gromov-Witten theory of the symmetric product of the plane is also shown to be equivalent to the theories of the triangle in all genera. The result establishes a complete case of the crepant resolution conjecture.