It is known that if the special automorphism group SAut(X) of a quasiaffine variety X of dimension at least 2 acts transitively on X, then this action is infinitely transitive. In this paper we question whether this is the only possibility for the automorphism group Aut(X) to act infinitely transitively on X. We show that this is the case, provided X admits a nontrivial Ga or Gm-action. Moreover, 2-transitivity of the automorphism group implies infinite transitivity.
We study the classes of modules which are generated by a silting module. In the case of either hereditary or perfect rings, it is proved that these are exactly the torsion T such that the regular module has a special T-preenvelope. In particular, every torsion-enveloping class in Mod-R are of the form Gen(T) for a minimal silting module T. For the dual case, we obtain for general rings that the covering torsion-free classes of modules are exactly the classes of the form Cogen(T), where T is a cosilting module.
We study analytic integrable deformations of the germ of a holomorphic foliation given by df=0 at the origin 0∈Cn,n≥3. We consider the case where f is a germ of an irreducible and reduced holomorphic function. Our central hypotheses is that, outside of a dimension ≤n−3 analytic subset Y⊂X, the analytic hypersurface Xf:(f=0) has only normal crossings singularities. We then prove that, as germs, such deformations also exhibit a holomorphic first integral, depending analytically on the parameter of the deformation. This applies to the study of integrable germs writing as ω=df+fη where f is quasi-homogeneous. Under the same hypotheses for Xf:(f=0) we prove that ω also admits a holomorphic first integral. Finally, we conclude that an integrable germ ω=adf+fη admits a holomorphic first integral provided that: (i) Xf:(f=0) is irreducible with an isolated singularity at the origin 0∈Cn,n≥3; (ii) the algebraic multiplicities of ω and f at the origin satisfy ν(ω)=ν(df). In the case of an isolated singularity for (f=0) the writing ω=adf+fη is always assured so that we conclude the existence of a holomorphic first integral. Some questions related to Relative Cohomology are naturally considered and not all of them answered.
Nilpotency for discrete groups can be defined in terms of central extensions. In this paper, the analogous definition for spaces is stated in terms of principal fibrations having infinite loop spaces as fibers, yielding a new invariant between the classical LS cocategory and the more recent notion of homotopy nilpotency introduced by Biedermann and Dwyer. This allows us to characterize finite homotopy nilpotent loop spaces in the spirit of Hubbuck’s Torus Theorem, and obtain corresponding results for p-compact groups and p-Noetherian groups.
Powersum varieties, also called varieties of sums of powers, have provided examples of interesting relations between varieties since their first appearance in the 19th century. One of the most useful tools to study them is apolarity, a notion originally related to the action of differential operators on the polynomial ring. In this work, we make explicit how one can see apolarity in terms of the Cox ring of a variety. In this way, powersum varieties are a special case of varieties of apolar schemes; we explicitly describe examples of such varieties in the case of two toric surfaces, when the Cox ring is particularly well-behaved.
We aim to maximize the number of first-quadrant lattice points in a convex domain with respect to reciprocal stretching in the coordinate directions. The optimal domain is shown to be asymptotically balanced, meaning that the stretch factor approaches 1 as the “radius” approaches infinity. In particular, the result implies that among all p-ellipses (or Lamé curves), the p-circle encloses the most first-quadrant lattice points as the radius approaches infinity, for 1<p<∞.
The case p=2 corresponds to minimization of high eigenvalues of the Dirichlet Laplacian on rectangles, and so our work generalizes a result of Antunes and Freitas. Similarly, we generalize a Neumann eigenvalue maximization result of van den Berg, Bucur and Gittins. Further, Ariturk and Laugesen recently handled 0<p<1 by building on our results here.
The case p=1 remains open, and is closely related to minimizing energy levels of harmonic oscillators: which right triangles in the first quadrant with two sides along the axes will enclose the most lattice points, as the area tends to infinity?
We study the multiplicative Hilbert matrix, i.e. the infinite matrix with entries (mn−−−√log(mn))−1 for m,n≥2. This matrix was recently introduced within the context of the theory of Dirichlet series, and it was shown that the multiplicative Hilbert matrix has no eigenvalues and that its continuous spectrum coincides with [0,π]. Here we prove that the multiplicative Hilbert matrix has no singular continuous spectrum and that its absolutely continuous spectrum has multiplicity one. Our argument relies on spectral perturbation theory and scattering theory. Finding an explicit diagonalisation of the multiplicative Hilbert matrix remains an interesting open problem.
We discuss the problem of deciding when a metrisable topological group G has a canonically defined local Lipschitz geometry. This naturally leads to the concept of minimal metrics on G, that we characterise intrinsically in terms of a linear growth condition on powers of group elements.
Combining this with work on the large scale geometry of topological groups, we also identify the class of metrisable groups admitting a canonical global Lipschitz geometry.
In turn, minimal metrics connect with Hilbert’s fifth problem for completely metrisable groups and we show, assuming that the set of squares is sufficiently rich, that every element of some identity neighbourhood belongs to a 1-parameter subgroup.
Let G be a reductive algebraic group over a field of positive characteristic and denote by C(G) the category of rational G-modules. In this note, we investigate the subcategory of C(G) consisting of those modules whose composition factors all have highest weights linked to the Steinberg weight. This subcategory is denoted ST and called the Steinberg component. We give an explicit equivalence between ST and C(G) and we derive some consequences. In particular, our result allows us to relate the Frobenius contracting functor to the projection functor from C(G) onto ST.
We associate to a finite digraph D a lattice polytope PD whose vertices are the rows of the Laplacian matrix of D. This generalizes a construction introduced by Braun and the third author. As a consequence of the Matrix-Tree Theorem, we show that the normalized volume of PD equals the complexity of D, and PD contains the origin in its relative interior if and only if D is strongly connected. Interesting connections with other families of simplices are established and then used to describe reflexivity, the h∗-polynomial, and the integer decomposition property of PD in these cases. We extend Braun and Meyer’s study of cycles by considering cycle digraphs. In this setting, we characterize reflexivity and show there are only four non-trivial reflexive Laplacian simplices having the integer decomposition property.
Let X⊂Pr be an integral and non-degenerate variety. Set n:=dim(X). We prove that if the (k+n−1)-secant variety of X has (the expected) dimension (k+n−1)(n+1)−1<r and X is not uniruled by lines, then X is not k-weakly defective and hence the k-secant variety satisfies identifiability, i.e. a general element of it is in the linear span of a unique S⊂X with ♯(S)=k. We apply this result to many Segre-Veronese varieties and to the identifiability of Gaussian mixtures G1,d. If X is the Segre embedding of a multiprojective space we prove identifiability for the k-secant variety (assuming that the (k+n−1)-secant variety has dimension (k+n−1)(n+1)−1<r, this is a known result in many cases), beating several bounds on the identifiability of tensors.
On considère une variété riemannienne (M,g) non compacte, complète, à géométrie bornée et courbure de Ricci parallèle. Nous montrons que certains opérateurs “affines” en la courbure de Ricci sont localement inversibles, dans des espaces de Sobolev classiques, au voisinage de g.
Soit G un groupe réductif défini sur un corps algébriquement clos de caractéristique positive. Nous montrons que le foncteur contraction par Frobenius de la catégorie des G-modules est adjoint à droite de celui de tensorisation deux fois par le module de Steinberg du tordu de Frobenius du G-module de départ. Il s’ensuit en particulier que le foncteur de contraction par Frobenius préserve le caractère injectif et l’existence de bonne filtration mais pas la semi-simplicité.
(For a reductive group G defined over an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic, we show that the Frobenius contraction functor of $Gs-modules is right adjoint to the Frobenius twist of the modules tensored with the Steinberg module twice. It follows that the Frobenius contraction functor preserves injectivity, good filtrations, but not semi-simplicity.)
We show that sparse and Carleson coefficients are equivalent for every countable collection of Borel sets and hence, in particular, for dyadic rectangles, the case relevant to the theory of bi-parameter singular integrals.
The key observation is that a dual refomulation by I. E. Verbitsky for Carleson coefficients over dyadic cubes holds also for Carleson coefficients over general sets.
In this paper, we describe all (2,3)-torus structures of a highly symmetric 39-cuspidal degree 12 curve.
A direct computer-aided determination of these torus structures seems to be out of reach. We use various quotients by automorphisms to find torus structures. We use a height pairing argument to show that there are no further structures.
Integral simplicial volume is a homotopy invariant of oriented closed connected manifolds, defined as the minimal weighted number of singular simplices needed to represent the fundamental class with integral coefficients. We show that odd-dimensional spheres are the only manifolds with integral simplicial volume equal to 1. Consequently, we obtain an elementary proof that, in general, the integral simplicial volume of (triangulated) manifolds is not computable.
Dishant Pancholi Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Taramani, Chennai, IndiaJosé Luis PérezInstituto de Ciencias Matemáticas, Madrid, SpainFrancisco PresasInstituto de Ciencias Matemáticas, Madrid, Spain
We construct positive loops of Legendrian submanifolds in several instances. In particular, we partially recover G. Liu’s result stating that any loose Legendrian admits a positive loop, under some mild topological assumptions on the Legendrian. Moreover, we show contractibility of the constructed loops under an extra topological assumption.
We prove that if f is a distribution on RN with N>1 and if ∂jf∈Lpj,σj∩LN,1uloc with 1≤pj≤N and σj=1 when pj=1 or N, then f is bounded, continuous and has a finite constant radial limit at infinity. Here, Lp,σ is the classical Lorentz space and Lp,σuloc is a “uniformly local” subspace of Lp,σloc larger than Lp,σ when p<∞.
We also show that f∈BUC if, in addition, ∂jf∈Lpj,σj∩Lquloc with q>N whenever pj<N and that, if so, the limit of f at infinity is uniform if the pj are suitably distributed. Only a few special cases have been considered in the literature, under much more restrictive assumptions that do not involve uniformly local spaces (pj=N and f vanishing at infinity, or ∂jf∈Lp∩Lq with p<N<q).
Various similar results hold under integrability conditions on the higher order derivatives of f. All of them are applicable to g∗f with g∈L1 and f as above, or under weaker assumptions on f and stronger ones on g. When g is a Bessel kernel, the results are provably optimal in some cases.
This paper deals with the moment problem on a (not necessarily finitely generated) commutative unital real algebra A. We define moment functionals on A as linear functionals which can be written as integrals over characters of A with respect to cylinder measures. Our main results provide such integral representations for A+–positive linear functionals (generalized Haviland theorem) and for positive functionals fulfilling Carleman conditions. As an application, we solve the moment problem for the symmetric algebra S(V) of a real vector space V. As a byproduct, we obtain new approaches to the moment problem on S(V) for a nuclear space V and to the integral decomposition of continuous positive functionals on a barrelled nuclear topological algebra A.