The optimal mass transportation problem, proposed by Monge, is dominated by the
Monge-Ampere equation. In general, as the Monge-Ampere equation is highly non-linear, this type
of partial dierential equations is beyond the solving ability of a conventional nite element method.
This diculty led Gu et al. alternatively to the discrete optimal mass transportation problem. They
developed variational principles for this problem and reported the calculation for the optimal mapping,
based on theorem that among all possible cell decompositions, with constrained measures, the trans-
portation cost of the discrete mapping from cells to the corresponding discrete points is minimized
by the decomposition induced by a power Voronoi diagram. Their research inspired us to consider a
similar discrete optimal mass transportation problem. Here we replace the L2 Euclidean distance by
the length of the shortest path connecting two points on a line network. To solve the optimal trans-
portation problem on a line network, we study a type of Voronoi diagram on undirected and connected
networks and propose an elegant construction algorithm. We further consider weighted distances in a
network and develop a method to compute the centroidal Voronoi tessellation (CVT) for a network.
By using real geographic data, the method proposed is proved ecient and eective in several practical
applications, including charging station distribution in a trac network, and trash can distribution in
a park.