A family of coordinates h for the Teichmller space of a compact surface with boundary was introduced by the second author. Mondello showed that the coordinate 0 can be used to produce a natural cell decomposition of the Teichmller space, invariant under the action of the mapping class group. In this paper, we show that, for any h 0, the coordinate h produces a natural cell decomposition of the Teichmller space.
Suppose that <i></i><sub>0</sub> is an unknotted simple closed curve contained in the 3-sphere which happens to be invariant under a subgroup <i>G</i> of the Mbius group of <i>S<sup>3</sup></i> = the group (generated by inversions in 2-spheres). It is shown that there is an equivariant isotopy <i></i><sub><i>t</i></sub>, 0 <i>t</i> 1, from <i></i><sub>0</sub> to a round circle <i></i><sub>1</sub>.
The goal of this chapter is an attempt to relate some ideas of Grothendieck in his Esquisse dun programme  and some of the recent results on 2-dimensional topology and geometry. Especially, we shall discuss Teichmller theory, the mapping class groups, the SL (2, C) representation variety of surface groups, and Thurstons theory of measured laminations.
We generalise work of Young-Eun Choi to the setting of ideal triangulations with vertex links of arbitrary genus, showing that the set of all (possibly incomplete) hyperbolic cone-manifold structures realised by positively oriented hyperbolic ideal tetrahedra on a given topological ideal triangulation and with prescribed cone angles at all edges is (if non-empty) a smooth complex manifold of dimension the sum of the genera of the vertex links. Moreover, we show that the complex lengths of a collection of peripheral elements give a local holomorphic parameterisation of this manifold.
We show that solutions of Thurston's equation on triangulated 3-manifolds in a commutative ring carry topological information. We also introduce a homogeneous Thurston's equation and a commutative ring associated to triangulated 3-manifolds. It is shown that solutions to homogeneous equations over the real numbers are critical points of an entropy function.
This paper attempts to relate some ideas of Grothendieck in his Esquisse d'un programme and some of the recent results on 2-dimensional topology and geometry. Especially, we shall discuss the Teichmller theory, the mapping class groups, $ SL (2,\bold C) $ representation variety of surface groups, and Thurston's theory of measured laminations.